This is an excerpt from this post published in Geopolitics Press.

Captives being marched in the streets of Mekelle in Tigray. CREDIT: The Guardian.

Ethiopia’s limited use of offensive realism and restricted defensive realism has exposed it to sustained political warfare that is augmented by methods of fourth generation warfare (4GW), key among them being narrative framing, economic strangulation, and coercive diplomacy. Narrative framing has benefitted the TPLF and capacitated it to simultaneously achieve moral victory and spend little resources to inflict prohibitive cost damage on GoE.

To read the rest, go to Geopolitics Press.

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Geopolitics Press

Geopolitics Press

Geopolitics, Integrated Warfare, and State Strategy in the Modern World